Infectious diseases are communicable diseases. Regular and thorough hand washing can protect you from contracting such diseases.
The human body is exposed to different types of microorganisms, such as viruses, bacteria, parasites and fungi every day. Some of these microorganisms cause infectious diseases. The different infectious diseases can be acquired, passed or transmitted in a lot of ways. The two most common infectious diseases are human immunodeficiency virus (or HIV) and hepatitis.
Many infectious diseases can be prevented (through vaccines) and treated. The treatment for infectious diseases depends on the type of microorganism that caused the disease. It is easier to treat a disease when you already know what is causing it. Normally, antiviral, antibiotics, antiparasitic and antifungal drugs are the treatment of choice for different types of infectious diseases. However, in cases of infections that are difficult to diagnose, a specialist for infectious diseases is of much help. Remember, infectious diseases can be fatal when not treated properly. Appropriate treatment is important to fight the disease.
WHEN IS TREATMENT FOR INFECTIOUS DISEASES PERFORMED?
Treatment for infectious diseases is given right after the physician has established a diagnosis. Medications are prescribed depending on the cause of the disease and the patient’s needs. These medications are very helpful in treating infectious diseases. In some cases, a combination of the drugs is given to fully treat the disease.
With individuals who have HIV and hepatitis, usually an antiviral therapy is prescribed. But, the antiviral therapy is not enough to fully eliminate the virus that caused HIV and hepatitis. Until now, there is no cure for HIV (and AIDS) while some hepatitis patients respond very well to antiviral treatment.
HOW IS TREATMENT FOR INFECTIOUS DISEASES PERFORMED?
Drug therapy is the lone treatment for infectious diseases. As mentioned earlier, treatment for infectious diseases depends on the cause of the disease.
Not all viruses can be treated. The drugs used to treat human immunodeficiency virus have been effective in fighting the virus and its complications. This treatment is a combination of antiretroviral drugs that help the immune system stay strong because the virus is already suppressed. On the other hand, antiviral drugs are also used to treat hepatitis, may it be acute or chronic. To better fight the virus, different antiviral drugs may be combined.
In patients whose condition is brought about by bacteria, an antibiotic is given. If your physician knows the exact type of bacteria you’re dealing with, the treatment will be more precise and accurate. Antibiotics should be taken as prescribed. Improper use and dose of antibiotics could lead to resistance. When this happens, the bacteria will be more difficult to treat. The same applies to antiparasitic drugs, as some parasites develop resistance to the drugs.
BENEFITS OF TREATMENT FOR INFECTIOUS DISEASES
- Stops the infection from reproducing
- Controls the infection
- Deterioration of the immune system can be prevented
- The possibility of the disease to spread is prevented
TREATMENT FOR INFECTIOUS DISEASES IN GERMANY
German hospitals are medically competent with the treatment for infectious diseases. Either to prevent or to eliminate the infection, hospitals and clinics in Germany are ready to fight any infectious disease. The earlier one become aware of the diagnosis, the better. Science has developed very fast in the past years, thus new treatments for infectious diseases have become available.
Antiretroviral drugs are used worldwide in treating HIV. More than 20 antiretroviral drugs are now approved to be used for HIV treatment. Since HIV treatment is a lifelong process, its side effects can also be experienced long-term. Certain hospitals in Germany have developed different approaches to reduce the side effects brought about by the antiretroviral drugs given to HIV patients. It will not only give the patient a longer life, but also a comfortable one.
Hepatitis treatment (specifically hepatitis B and C) in Germany involves interferon therapy or combination of interferon-alpha and ribavirin. Neural therapy is also recommended to reduce the symptoms of hepatitis. Acute hepatitis is treated with antiviral drugs such as Epivir. Patients with chronic, severe hepatitis are admitted for careful and constant monitoring.
Every hospital and facility in Germany is equipped and prepared for any infectious disease that needs prompt treatment, and possesses a number of specialized health care practitioners. Research companies are still developing new drugs and vaccines to further enhance the treatment for infectious diseases.